# Mathematics

Contents

- 1Overview
- 2Course Descriptions
- 3Grade 9
- 3.1Principles of Mathematics - MPM 1DI
- 3.2Foundations of Mathematics - MFM 1PI
- 3.3Essential Mathematics / Fast Forward Mathematics - MAT 1LB
- 4Grade 10
- 4.1Principles of Mathematics - MPM 2DI
- 4.2Foundations of Mathematics - MFM 2PI
- 4.3Essential Mathematics / Fast Forward Mathematics - MAT 2LB
- 5Grade 11
- 5.1Functions - MCR 3UI
- 5.2Functions and Applications - MCF 3MI
- 5.3Foundations for College Mathematics - MBF 3CI
- 5.4Mathematics for Everyday Life - MEL 3EI / 3EB
- 6Grade 12
- 6.1Mathematics of Data Management - MDM 4UI
- 6.2Advanced Functions - MHF 4UI
- 6.3Calculus and Vectors - MCV 4UI
- 6.4Foundations for College Mathematics - MAP 4CI
- 6.5Mathematics for College Technology - MCT 4CI
- 6.6Mathematics for Work and Everyday Life - MEL 4EI / 4EB
- 7Math Flowchart
- 8EQAO Assesment of Mathematics, Grade 9
- 9Math Contests

## Overview

Unprecedented changes taking place in today’s world will profoundly affect the futures of today’s students. To meet the demands of the world in which they live, students will need to adapt to changing conditions and to learn independently. They will be required to use technology effectively and the skills for processing large amounts of quantitative information.

Today’s mathematics curriculum prepares students for their tomorrows. It equips them with essential mathematical knowledge and skill; with skills of reasoning, problem solving, and communication; and, most importantly, with the ability and the incentive to continue learning on their own.

Grade 9 math courses reflect the belief that students learn mathematics effectively when they have initial opportunities to explore through hands-on experiences, followed by careful guidance into an understanding of the abstract mathematics involved.

The curriculum embeds the learning of mathematics in the solving of problems based on real-life situations. The curriculum integrates appropriate technologies into the learning and doing of mathematics, while recognizing the continuing importance of students’ mastering essential arithmetic and algebraic skills.

**Students must earn three mathematics credits for the high school diploma.**

**Students in a mathematics course have the opportunity to:**

- explore and develop initial understandings
- identify and develop relevant arithmetic and algebraic skills
- gain experience with interesting applications of new knowledge
- use technology effectively

**Mathematics education allows you to:**

- learn the mathematics for destinations such as workplace, college and university
- develop high levels of skill and knowledge
- use calculators and technology to solve problems
- have FUN!

**Math Homework Help for Grades 7-10**

**Math Homework Help for all grades** – Please use the MATHSIP room during your MSIP

## Course Descriptions

## Grade 9

**Principles of Mathematics – MPM 1DI**

**Foundations of Mathematics – MFM 1PI **

**Essential ****Mathematics / Fast Forward Mathematics – ****MAT 1LB**

**MAT 1LB**

## Grade 10

**Principles of Mathematics – MPM 2DI**

**Prerequisite**: MPM 1DI.**Foundations of Mathematics – MFM 2PI**

**Prerequisite**: MFM 1PI or MPM 1DI.**Essential Mathematics / Fast Forward Mathematics – MAT 2LB**

**Prerequisite**: MAT 1LB**.**

## Grade 11

**Functions – ****MCR 3UI **

**Prerequisite:**MPM 2DI.**Functions and Applications – ****MCF 3MI**

**Prerequisite**: MPM 2DI or MFM 2PI.**Foundations for College Mathematics – ****MBF 3CI**

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as a problem-solving tool in the real world. Students will extend their understanding of quadratic relations, as well as of measurement and geometry; investigate situations involving exponential growth; solve problems involving compound interest; solve financial problems connected with vehicle ownership; and develop their ability to reason by collecting, analysing, and evaluating data involving one and two variables. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking. **Prerequisite**: MFM 2PI.

**Mathematics for Everyday Life – MEL 3EI / 3EB**

**Prerequisite**: MFM 1PI or MAT 2LB.## Grade 12

**Mathematics of Data Management – MDM 4UI**

**Prerequisite**: MCF 3MI or MCR 3UI.**Advanced Functions – MHF 4UI**

**Prerequisite**: MCR 3UI or MCT 4CI.**Calculus and Vectors – MCV 4UI**

This course builds on students’ previous experience with functions and their developing understanding of rates of change. Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representations of vectors, and representations of lines and planes in three-dimensional space; broaden their understanding of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial, rational, exponential, and sinusoidal functions; and apply these concepts and skills to the modelling of real-world relationships. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended for students who plan to study mathematics in university and who may choose to pursue careers in fields such as physics and engineering. **Prerequisite: **MCR 3UI. Note: The new Advanced Functions can be taken concurrently with or can precede Calculus and Vectors.

**Foundations for College Mathematics – MAP 4CI**

**Prerequisite**: MBF 3CI.**Mathematics for College Technology – MCT 4CI**

**Prerequisite**: MCF 3MI or MCR 3UI.**Mathematics for Work and Everyday Life – MEL 4EI / 4EB**

**Prerequisite**: MEL 3EI or MEL 3EB.## Math Flowchart

## EQAO Assesment of Mathematics, Grade 9

*The EQAO Grade 9 Assessment of Mathematics*is completed with all grade 9 students taking applied or academic mathematics across the province of Ontario. Administered once each semester, this assessment gauges student achievement in the areas of number sense, geometry, linear relations, and patterning & algebra.

## Math Contests

In support of the mathematics contests, there is also a Mathematics Club at KCI, geared specifically towards the preparation for specific math contests. The math department will be running five preparation sessions for the Pascal, Cayley, and Fermat contests during lunch in February. Bring your lunch, a pencil, and a calculator! We’ll see you there!

For a complete list of the mathematics contests offered during the school year, as well as access to practice tests, please click here.