Mathematics

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Overview

Unprecedented changes taking place in today’s world will profoundly affect the futures of today’s students.  To meet the demands of the world in which they live, students will need to adapt to changing conditions and to learn independently.  They will be required to use technology effectively and the skills for processing large amounts of quantitative information.

Today’s mathematics curriculum prepares students for their tomorrows.  It equips them with essential mathematical knowledge and skill; with skills of reasoning, problem solving, and communication; and, most importantly, with the ability and the incentive to continue learning on their own.

Grade 9 math courses reflect the belief that students learn mathematics effectively when they have initial opportunities to explore through hands-on experiences, followed by careful guidance into an understanding of the abstract mathematics involved.

The curriculum embeds the learning of mathematics in the solving of problems based on real-life situations.  The curriculum integrates appropriate technologies into the learning and doing of mathematics, while recognizing the continuing importance of students’ mastering essential arithmetic and algebraic skills.

Students must earn three mathematics credits for the high school diploma.

Students in a mathematics course have the opportunity to:

  • explore and develop initial understandings
  • identify and develop relevant arithmetic and algebraic skills
  • gain experience with interesting applications of new knowledge
  • use technology effectively

Mathematics education allows you to:

  • learn the mathematics for destinations such as workplace, college and university
  • develop high levels of skill and knowledge
  • use calculators and technology to solve problems
  • have FUN!

Math Homework Help for Grades 7-10 

Math Homework Help for all grades – Please use the MATHSIP room during your MSIP

Course Descriptions

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Grade 9

Principles of Mathematics  –  MPM 1DI

This course enables students to develop understanding of mathematical concepts related to algebra, analytic geometry, and measurement and geometry through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will investigate relationships, which they will then generalize as equations of lines, and will determine the connections between different representations of a relationship. They will also explore relationships that emerge from the measurement of three-dimensional objects and two-dimensional shapes. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multistep problems.

Foundations of Mathematics  –  MFM 1PI 

This course enables students to develop understanding of mathematical concepts related to introductory algebra, proportional reasoning, and measurement and geometry through investigation, the effective use of technology, and hands-on activities. Students will investigate real-life examples to develop various representations of linear relationships, and will determine the connections between the representations. They will also explore certain relationships that emerge from the measurement of three-dimensional objects and two-dimensional shapes. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.

Essential Mathematics / Fast Forward Mathematics  – MAT 1LB  

This course emphasizes further development of mathematical knowledge and skills to prepare students for success in their everyday lives, in the workplace, in the Grade 10 LDCC course, and in the Mathematics Grade 11 and Grade 12 Workplace Preparation courses. The course is organized by three strands related to money sense, measurement, and proportional reasoning. In all strands, the focus is on developing and consolidating key foundational mathematical concepts and skills by solving authentic, everyday problems. Students have opportunities to further develop their mathematical literacy and problem-solving skills and to continue developing their skills in reading, writing, and oral language through relevant and practical math activities.

Grade 10

Principles of Mathematics  –  MPM 2DI

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of relationships and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will explore quadratic relationships and their applications; solve and apply linear systems; verify properties of geometric figures using analytic geometry; and investigate the trigonometry of right and acute triangles. Students will reason mathematically as they solve multistep problems and communicate their thinking.  Prerequisite: MPM 1DI.

Foundations of Mathematics  –  MFM 2PI

This course enables students to consolidate their understanding of relationships and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and hands-on activities. Students will develop and graph equations in analytic geometry; solve and apply linear systems, using real-life examples; and explore and interpret graphs of quadratic relationships. Students will investigate similar triangles, the trigonometry of right-angles triangles, and the measurement of three-dimensional objects. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.  Prerequisite: MFM 1PI or MPM 1DI.

Essential Mathematics / Fast Forward Mathematics  –  MAT 2LB  

This course emphasizes the extension of mathematical knowledge and skills to prepare students for success in their everyday lives, in the workplace, and in the Mathematics Grade 11 and Grade 12 Workplace Preparation courses. The course is organized by three strands related to money sense, measurement, and proportional reasoning. In all strands, the focus is on strengthening and extending key foundational mathematical concepts and skills by solving authentic, everyday problems. Students have opportunities to extend their mathematical literacy and problem-solving skills and to continue developing their skills in reading, writing, and oral language through relevant and practical math activities.  Prerequisite: MAT 1LB.

Grade 11

Functions  –  MCR 3UI  

This course introduces the mathematical concept of the function by extending students’ experiences with linear and quadratic relations. Students will investigate properties of discrete and continuous functions, including trigonometric and exponential functions; represent functions numerically, algebraically, and graphically; solve problems involving applications of functions; and develop facility in simplifying polynomial and rational expressions. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.  Prerequisite: MPM 2DI.

Functions and Applications  –  MCF 3MI

This course introduces basic features of the function by extending students’ experiences with quadratic relations. It focuses on quadratic, trigonometric, and exponential functions and their use in modelling real-world situations. Students will represent functions numerically, graphically, and algebraically; simplify expressions; solve equations; and solve problems relating to financial and trigonometric applications. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multistep problems.  Prerequisite: MPM 2DI or MFM 2PI.

Foundations for College Mathematics  –  MBF 3CI

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as a problem-solving tool in the real world. Students will extend their understanding of quadratic relations, as well as of measurement and geometry; investigate situations involving exponential growth; solve problems involving compound interest; solve financial problems connected with vehicle ownership; and develop their ability to reason by collecting, analysing, and evaluating data involving one and two variables. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.  Prerequisite: MFM 2PI.

Mathematics for Everyday Life  –  MEL 3EI /  3EB 

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as it is applied in the workplace and daily life. Students will solve problems associated with earning money, paying taxes, and making purchases; apply calculations of simple and compound interest in saving, investing, and borrowing; and calculate the costs of transportation and travel in a variety of situations. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.  Prerequisite: MFM 1PI or MAT 2LB.

Grade 12

Mathematics of Data Management  –  MDM 4UI

This course broadens students’ understanding of mathematics as it relates to managing data. Students will apply methods for organizing large amounts of information; solve problems involving probability and statistics; and carry out a culminating project that integrates statistical concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. Students planning to enter university programs in business, the social sciences, and the humanities will find this course of particular interest.  Prerequisite: MCF 3MI or MCR 3UI.

Advanced Functions  –  MHF 4UI

This course extends students’ experience with functions. Students will investigate the properties of polynomial, rational, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions; broaden their understanding of rates of change; and develop facility in applying these concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended both for students who plan to study mathematics in university and for those wishing to consolidate their understanding of mathematics before proceeding to any one of a variety of university programs.  Prerequisite: MCR 3UI or MCT 4CI.

Calculus and Vectors  –  MCV 4UI  

This course builds on students’ previous experience with functions and their developing understanding of rates of change. Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representations of vectors, and representations of lines and planes in three-dimensional space; broaden their understanding of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial, rational, exponential, and sinusoidal functions; and apply these concepts and skills to the modelling of real-world relationships. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended for students who plan to study mathematics in university and who may choose to pursue careers in fields such as physics and engineering.  Prerequisite:  MCR 3UI.  Note: The new Advanced Functions can be taken concurrently with or can precede Calculus and Vectors.

Foundations for College Mathematics  –  MAP 4CI

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of real-world applications of mathematics. Students will analyse data using statistical methods; solve problems involving applications of geometry and trigonometry; simplify expressions; and solve equations. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. This course prepares students for college programs in areas such as business, health sciences, and human services, and for certain skilled trades.  Prerequisite: MBF 3CI.

Mathematics for College Technology  –  MCT 4CI

This course enables students to extend their knowledge of functions. Students will investigate and apply properties of polynomial, exponential, and trigonometric functions; continue to represent functions numerically, graphically, and algebraically; develop facility in simplifying expressions and solving equations; and solve problems that address applications of algebra, trigonometry, vectors, and geometry. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. This course prepares students for a variety of college technology programs.  Prerequisite: MCF 3MI or MCR 3UI.

Mathematics for Work and Everyday Life  –  MEL 4EI / 4EB

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as it is applied in the workplace and daily life. Students will investigate questions involving the use of statistics; apply the concept of probability to solve problems involving familiar situations; investigate accommodation costs and create household budgets; use proportional reasoning; estimate and measure; and apply geometric concepts to create designs. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.  Prerequisite: MEL 3EI or MEL 3EB.

Math Flowchart

math flowchart

EQAO Assesment of Mathematics, Grade 9

The EQAO Grade 9 Assessment of Mathematics is completed with all grade 9 students taking applied or academic mathematics across the province of Ontario. Administered once each semester, this assessment gauges student achievement in the areas of number sense, geometry, linear relations, and patterning & algebra.
Students enrolled in applied or academic grade 9 math courses in semester 1 complete the assessment in January; in semester 2, the  EQAO assessment is written in June.  Parents wanting to learn more about EQAO assessments or to view some sample tests, are encouraged to visit the EQAO website.

Math Contests

Success in mathematics, like any newly acquired skill, can be attributed to regular and consistent practice. For those students who especially enjoy mathematics, or those students who wish to further the rehearsal of their skills, there are a variety of mathematics contests in which the students at KCI may participate.
Math contests will be running throughout the school year, with the first being administered in February. There are different contests for each grade level, providing a variety of students with the benefit of the development of an analytical skill set.

In support of the mathematics contests, there is also a Mathematics Club at KCI, geared specifically towards the preparation for specific math contests. The math department will be running five preparation sessions for the Pascal, Cayley, and Fermat contests during lunch in February. Bring your lunch, a pencil, and a calculator! We’ll see you there!

For a complete list of the mathematics contests offered during the school year, as well as access to practice tests, please click here.